The Eucalyptus that touched the power line
The associationMonchique-Alerta, Serra Livre De Incêndios stated in his press release on February 20:
EDP Distribuição SA. is responsible (in Portugal) for the maintenance of its overhead lines, including those that run exclusively through forests and where electricity is transported over long distances. We are talking about a total of 28,600 km of high-voltage lines. By law, EDP is obliged to prune all trees to the right and left of its overhead power lines between 7.5 and 22.5 metres, depending on the type of line and voltage, to prevent contact, sparks and forest fires. (Decreto Regulamentar 1/92 DRE, Artigo 28, Secção 3)
Both the forest fire at Pedrogão Grande in 2017 and the forest fires at Monchique one year later were caused by wind from tree contacts with overhead power lines (15 kV). The Monchique 2018 wall fire broke out on Friday 3 August at 13h32 in Perna da Negra, 12 km north of Monchique. This is the result of one and a half years of forensic investigations and the interrogations of all those directly involved on site by the Polícia Judiciária Portimão. The independent technical expert opinion for the Parliament ( Assembleia da República) also comes to this conclusion. (Page 21 Final_Relatório_Monchique.pdf)
Professor Dr Domingos Xavier Viegas (69) of the University of Coimbra and his team of specialists have also analysed all major forest fires in Portugal over a period of more than 40 years, and found that two out of three forest fires in 2018 were caused by contact between eucalyptus and EDP overhead power lines. (publication Visão, 2-6-2019, Hugo Séneca)
The association Monchique-Alerta, Serra livre de Incêndios, which represents more than 100 Monchique residents and foreigners affected by the 2018 forest fire, today expresses its full confidence in the police investigators and the public prosecutor’s office in Portimão not to give in to the EDP’s attempts to deny its responsibility. The police and the judiciary are doing their job independently and conscientiously, questioning the responsible accused of the EDP and the forest fire that destroyed 27 000 hectares of forest and agricultural land and almost all the fauna and flora of the Monchique district, including 74 houses. The time will come for EDP to acknowledge its responsibility and to approach the victims with a view to possible claims for damages in the millions, so that Monchique can finally receive justice, pay for the material damage, replant forests with native tree species and compensate for the economic losses. The Monchique-Alerta association continues to fight for a Serra de Monchique and for a Portugal without forest fires.
Crowdfunding Campaign - Monchique with a future
With water, the fire goes out.
Eight days after the first flames, the great fire of 2018 was put out in Monchique thanks to water from nearby dams. Firefighters and aerial resources were on hand to fight the fire. Few inhabitants were prepared for this type of combative task.
Several factors led to the combustion of 28,000 hectares of land, forest and 71 dwellings. A year after the fires, in-depth analysis following a long investigation yielded its fruit: a key reason for this fire was the lack of cisterns and water deposits in the region. Inhabitants who had kept their land clear and built rainwater cisterns proved that it was possible to protect their homes. With water, the fire goes out!
The crowdfunding project Monchique with a Future will help citizens to help themselves. The Monchique Alert – Mountains Free From Fire Association was founded by inhabitants affected by the fire. They intend to support four of the victims of this tragedy in constructing cisterns so that, in the future, they can better protect their forest, their farms and their home.
Each of these tanks will have a storage capacity of around 50,000 liters of water. (please see the design) They will be set up at the highest point of their land, so that water will be transported by gravity. Nuno Carvalho, William Abrantes, Ana Nunes and Carlos Abafa and Jelly Boomsma have all applied to the project and will be supported by through crowdfunding.
This is the beginning of a local solidarity movement in a region that will no doubt feel the impact of climate change. In the future, Monchique will have lower levels of rainfall at less regular intervals, as well as waves of extreme drought. Drought will shape the way of life in the south. The answer to this problem lies in water storage; water, an elixir of life for plants, animals, and human beings…
4 Stories in Fire
William Wroblewski Abrantes, 35, is a musician, married, and since October 2019, father of a daughter. Her name is Inês. William returned from France to the land of his ancestors. In 2018, he bought 5,000 m2 of land at Sítio do Cano, in Monchique, to set up as an organic farmer. He began to clear the land, which had been abandoned for 13 years. Ten days after the signing the notary contract, his land burned in the fire of August 5, 2018 – he lost all fruit trees, but also goods such as tools, the trailer, music recording material, hard disks and the creative works of his entire life….
William wrote to Monchique Alerta on September 26: “Due to the fire, we are in great financial trouble to continue the installation of our project in Monchique. We have access to two springs, which are on the highest spot on our land. The slight slope and other conditions allow us to water the soil thanks to gravity. We need to build a tank to reserve water, also in case there are future fires…”.
Nuno da Silva Carvalho, 42, osteopath, teacher, lives at Balsa Ameiro, Cabeça de Ferro, in Monchique-Alferce. He has lost his home, the native forest, two agricultural warehouses, tools, machines, a wooden house, irrigation systems and tanks, cork, … among others.
Nuno wrote to Monchique Alerta on 2 September: “We need financial help to build a water tank and a firefighting system with sprinklers…“.
Ana Rosário Nunes, 67 years old, and Carlos Alberto Abafa, 74 years old, retired teachers in the area of Plastic Arts, live in the village of Monchique. They have a seven-hectare forest with species of cork oak, strawberry tree and chestnut tree. It burned down. The affected property is located in the parish of Monchique, next to the village (north), on the hill known as Cerro do Toiro, Quinta do Bem Parece.
Ana wrote to Monchique Alerta on September 10: “We always feel like temporary caretakers of a space, in this case, of a small portion of forest that has been given to us by another generation and that we must take responsible care of it, so that we can move on to the next. Profit is not our goal, but we are concerned about the self-sustainability of the space we take care of, because we believe that this is the best defense of this small forest that we want to preserve. But, as in all agreements, in this case of post-fire, it is necessary to take care of the space, take care of the surviving trees, create space to stimulate natural regeneration and give opportunity for space and light so that the baby cork oaks that already appear on the ground can grow. Some new ones will even have to be planted and need irrigation.“
Jelly (58) and Joop Boomsma (68), a Dutch couple living in Portugal, bought in 1992 a ruin in the area of Arqueta, in the south of the Nave, Monchique. Each year, during several winters, they rebuilt a part of their house until they were able to open the new house. They were able to retire earlier due to a serious illness, which they were able to cure in the meantime. On the night of August 6, they were forced by GNR to leave their house and left the site. Although there was no combustible material around their house, the building burned down. They had cleaned everything, according to the law. This was one of the best examples that one should not simply evade all the owners. Eucalyptus leaves, burning and flying, set fire to the base of the roof of the house during his absence. In 2020 they will start again to rebuild a ruin, without support, and with a loan.
Jelly wrote to Monchique Alerta on June 11: “There were no firefighters and our house burned down completely. We could have put out the fire with water.“
Each of the four closed tanks is four metres long, four metres wide and 3.20 metres high. It can store 51.2 m3 of water and has an inlet through a 60×60 cm cover. Its foundation is made of 60 cm thick reinforced concrete. Its walls are 30 cm thick and plastered with Weber-K-Dry. At the outer outlet has a strong 2 inch stainless steel lock valve.
Each cistern costs 4,800 euros and has a construction time of 14 working days. The marketing of the crowdfunding campaign during the 60 days is estimated at 5% of the value, ie with 960 euros plus the printing of 2,000 brochures. The subtotal amount is 20,339 euros + the commission of the platform ppl 7,5% + VAT is a total of 22,215 euros. The four tanks will be built between January and June 2020 with contractors from the region.
Planning design of a cistern can be downloaded here: Cistern plan
Crowdfunding Campaign Rewards
You can take part in this campaign with contributions from:
1. €10 = ECO123 online subscription for one year;
2. €25 = Traditional Arts Workshop (3 hours long): “How to make a cup?” (tin workshop), “How to make goat cheese?” (dairy workshop) and “How to bake bread?” (bakery workshop) amongst other workshops that aim to revive key traditions of the Algarve;
3. €50 = Dinner or lunch at the house of a partner of the association for two; or a themed outing for two people on December 27th or 28th or 29th; or participation in the monchique-mountain- marathon.org on December 30th for one person; or a drawing by an urban sketcher from Monchique; or a day of eucalyptus tree extraction followed by a picnic in the wild;
4. €100 = Weekend Surprise in Monchique: one night for two at a partner’s house with breakfast. This can also be arranged for a night during the week;
5. €250 = Weekend Surprise in Monchique: two nights for two at a partner’s house with breakfast. This can also be arranged for two nights during the week; + a themed outing (mushrooms) for two people on December 27th or 28th or 29th;+ a traditional Arts Workshop; plus an ECO123 online subscription for one year;
6. €500 = ECO training for companies or organisations in groups of up to ten people at the new Caldas de Monchique Botanical Garden (4 hours long), or a 1/2 page advertisement in the campaign supplement of ECO123 magazine, Spring 2020.
The campaign starts on October 10th. We welcome your contributions until December 9th. Thank you.
Follow and participate in the crowdfunding campaign on:
About the organizer
The Monchique Alert – Mountains Free From Fire Association was founded on March 28th, 2019, in view of the need to put together legal representation for parties affected by August 2018’s forest fires. This association aims to bring together everyone who has been affected by the fires in the Serra de Monchique region, either directly or indirectly. It seeks to facilitate and carry out a survey of the personal property destroyed, as well as documenting the cultural, forestry and community heritage affected (anything that represents an individual or collective loss), with a view to obtaining compensation for damages. Other objectives of the association include representing the affected parties with a view to obtaining compensation for damages sustained, individually or collectively, by all legal means possible (including prosecution) and acting to ensure that monitoring methods are in place, with the law being observed to prevent future disasters.
Key values of the organisation are the protection of the environment, land management – particularly in the areas affected by the fires – and the promotion of education, information and awareness among citizens who wish to be vigilant, alert and focused on the sustainability of the Serra de Monchique.